Mount Damavand Info

Official Website of Mt Damavand Guides Iran.

Useful Info for Mount Damavand Iran

Mt Damavand is the most prominent feature of Iran looming majestically near the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. It has a narrow summit crater with permanent snowcap which surrounded by many good looking peaks of the Alborz Mountain Range.

Damavand is visible far from 250 km in a clear sky. Just below its crater there are few famous glaciers such as Yakhar, Sioleh and Dobi Sel. Damawand is located about 80 km north east of capital city Tehran, midway the Haraz Road near the Amol city in Mazandaran Province, Iran. Visit also Damavand Forum.

Damavand Iran
Damavand Iran
Highest Peak in the Middle East 5671m, 18,605 ft
Highest volcano in Asia and the second highest volcano in North Hemisphere

Quick Facts for Hiking Trekking, Climbing and Mountaineering

Best Climbing Program: 4 to 5 days.
Best Itinerary: 4A or 5B, Visit Itinerary.

Best Start point: Polour Camp, visit GPS Track.
Best Starting Days: Saturday, Sunday and Monday, Visit Crowd.

Best Climbing Time: 15 June To 20 August. See Timing.
Best Climbing Side: South Route, See How to Climb, Routes.

Best Place for Accommodation: Camp1 Polour.
Best Camp for Acclimatization: Camp3 New Hut.

Oldest Campsite in the Area: Camp1 Reyneh.
Worst Campsite in the Area: Camp2 Base (also called Goosfand Sara).

Quick Facts for Ski and Snowboard

Depends to weather and the amount of snow. Visit Ski Mountaineering
Skiing Season and Snow Availability: November to April.
Best Timing for Ski: December till mid May.

Best Ski Side: South Route
Snow Depths: 2 to 5m

Vertical Drop

Optimum Downhill Ski, Skiiable Distance
Summit to Camp3 New Hut: 3300 m
Camp3 to Camp2 Base: 4700 m

Camp2 Base to Junction: 4000 m
Total Distance Summit to Junction: 12000 m

Highest Resort Camp3 New Hut Altitude: 4250 m
Lowest Resort Camp1 Polour Altitude: 2270 m

Mt Damavand Iran Road and Route Map
Download and View The Original Size Image
Mt Damavand Iran Road and Route Map
By Ardeshir Soltani

Information About Mt Damavand Iran

Damavand Mountain is a silent dormant volcano. It looks like Fujiyama in Japan but much greater. Its snowy white top with its regular clouds is the most beautiful sight of Iran. There has been no eruption in historical times and records so it is regarded as extinct a silent volcano. There are some hot springs on its lower slopes like Larijan village. At the summit there is a crater about 150-200 meters across, with a lot of yellow sulfurous rocks and pumice stones.

At about 5400 meters there are also some sulfuric gas making a little problem for climbers. Snow covers the crater and upper slopes in winter, spring and autumn. Because of its great height, the view from top is very extensive, a big panorama of mountains and valley covering many hundred of square Kilometers. All around are other peaks of the Alborz Mountain Range, in the north to the Caspian Sea plain and in the south descending to the deserts of central Iran. It is the highest peak of Iran and Middle East and the highest if you travel from Europe eastward to Iran.

General Facts

Distance from Tehran by road: 80km
Attitude: 5671 meters, 18,605 feet, Visit Elevation.
Latitude: 35° 57' 19" N, Visit GPS Landmarks.
Longitude: 52° 06' 36" E

Highest Peak

Highest peak in Persian Plateau and the Middle East.
Highest dormant volcano in Asia and the second highest volcano in North Hemisphere.

More Facts for Climbing Mountaineering South Route

Difficulty and Climbing Grade in Summer
Difficulty: F, YDS class 2 (plus sulphur gas above 5400 m).
Route type: Basic mountaineering.
Difficulty: Moderate walk-up, easy descend.

Major Campsites:
- Camp1 Polour 2270 m.
- Camp1 Reineh 2070 m.
- Camp2 Base 3040 m.
- Camp3 Bargah Sevom 4220 m.
- Camp3 New Hut 4250 m.

Distance Between Camps:
- Track Camp2 Base to Camp3 Bargah: 4700 m.
- Track Camp3 to Summit: 3300 m.
- Track Base Camp to Summit: 8000 meters.

Time and Speed:
Base camp to Summit.
- Average ascend Time 10 hours. Visit Facts
- Average climb speed 800 m/h.

Vertical Gain:
Camp2 Base to Camp3: 1160 m.
Camp3 to Summit: 1470 m.
Total Base Camp to Summit: 2630 m.

Status: not active. See Volcanic Activity.
Most Recent Eruption: None on record.

Most Experienced Guides: 100 Damavand Club.
Most Updated Weblog: Mount Damavand Guide, Contact Serppa[at]gmail[dot]com.
Most Informative Website: Mt Damavand Info Center, Contact Solard[at]gmail[dot]com.

First Climbs: We believe there has been may unrecorded climbs in ancient years.
First Recorded Climb: 1837 by W.T Thomson.

Location: Central Alborz Mountain Range Iran, 80 Km North East of Tehran.
Nearest International Airport: IKA Airport (or Mehrabad) Teheran, Iran.

Other Names and Spellings

Mount or Volcano Damavand, Damawand, Demavand, Demavend, Donbavand, Damāvand.

Koh e Damavand alternate Dood koh, Koh Damawand, Qolleh Damāvand.
Donbalvand, Dive Sepid, Koh e Ghaf.

Damavand Tour, Photo by A. Soltani
Mt. Damavand Iran
Photo by A. Soltani


1- Mount Damavand Tour

By focusing our tours on Mt Damavand, we've been able to concentrate our experience to give you the best chance of success. We are specialist in Damavand ascends and take many foreign teams and individual climbers to the summit each year. We have been climbing for over 30 years and guiding for 20 years, our guides are guarantee of safety and quality days in the mountains. Our mountain guides are senior and the most experienced ones in Iran, some have climed more than 100 times to the Mt Damavand summit and are the members of 100 Damavand Club, others are memmbers of Iran Mountain Federation. Join us for the safest and most reliable Damavand hiking & trekking, mountaineering winter climb, ski mountaineering guided tours.
See also Damavand Vip Tour.

2- Ski, Ski Mountaineering and Snowboarding Tour

Due to the heavy snowfall in winter there are many ski resorts in Alborz and Mountain Ranges, with mild skiable slopes, some are among the best in the word for either on-piste or off-piste and wild ski and snowboard. Welcome to join us for the best ski tours.

We organize winter sport activity tours fo ski mountaineering, Alpine ski and snowboarding, to Iran ski zones and support you with the best qualified persian ski guide team.

- Ski and snowboard tour Mt Damavand Iran.
- Winter guided tour and ski touring expedition Iran ski resorts.
- Iran ski resort information.
More in Damavand Weather.

Ski Touring

Ski mountaineering and snowboard tour organizer to major Ski Resorts in Elborz and Zagross Mountain Ranges in Iran:

- AbAli 2650m, ski resort, piste, Haraz Road, Tehran.
- Alam koh 4850m, Kelardasht, off-piste, wild ski.
- Alvand Koh, Hamedan, piste.
- Darbandsar 3150m, ski resort, piste, Karaj Tehran.
- Dena 4250m, Yasuj, piste.
- Dizin, grass ski piste, Karaj Tehran.
- You may also ski on grass in summer in Dizin Ski Resort.
- Dizin 3600m, ski resort, piste, off-piste, wild ski, Karaj Tehran.
- Lasem, off piste ski area
- Mt Damavand 5671m, off piste ski zone, Mazandaran Province Iran.
- Sabalan 4820, Ardebil, piste, Ardabil.
- Shahmirzad, Semnan Province.
- Shemshak 3050m, ski resort, piste, off-piste, wild ski, Karaj Tehran.
- Tochal 3960m, ski resort, piste,Tehran Iran
- Yasuj, piste.

Visit also:
Mt Damavand Guide, Damavand Forum, Iran Natur.

Mount Damavand Photo Gallery

Read More
Mount Damavand Show

Mount Damavand Iran
Found roughly 70 kilometers upper east of capital city Tehran, Mt. Damavand is a noteworthy stratovolcano that achieves 5,670 meters (18,600 feet) above sea level in rise. Some portion of the Alborz Mountain Range that outskirts the Caspian Sea toward the north, damavand is a youthful spring of gushing lava that has shaped for the most part amid the Holocene Epoch (in the course of recent years).

Damavand is the most astounding top in Iran and the most astounding well of lava in the Middle East. The mountain and its encompassing zones are mainstream climbing, hiking, trekking, ascending, and ski visiting goals.

Damavand Cap Cloud, Photo  Ardeshir Soltani Damavand Cap Cloud During Sunrise
View from Sorkheh-Hesar Park Tehran
Photo Ardeshir Soltani

Volcano Damavand
The western flank of the spring of gushing lava incorporates set magma streams with stream levees-dividers shaped as the side edges of streaming magma cooled quickly, framing a chute that directed the more sultry, inside magma. Two such streams with well-characterized levees are featured by snow on the mountainside.

While no noteworthy emissions of the spring of gushing lava are recorded, hot springs on the flanks of the spring of gushing lava and fumaroles (steam vents) in Damavand summit hole recommend that a hot or cooling magma body is as yet present underneath the fountain of liquid magma. This proceeding with movement, while minor, demonstrates that Demavand is torpid instead of wiped out spring of gushing lava.

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