Mount Damavand Iran
The Official Website of the Mount Damavand Guides IranDamavand is a perfect cone-shape volcano located in the central part of Alborz Mountain Range in north of Iran on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Damawand Volcano is 5671 meters high. It is the highest volcano in Asia, the highest summit in the Middle East and the second highest volcano in the northern hemisphere.
Snow covers the entire mountain in winter and the upper parts in the other seasons. Damavand has a narrow summit crater usually covered with snow-cap and cloud. The snowy white peak with its regular Lenticular Cap Cloud is the most beautiful sight of Iran. Damawand is surrounded by many good looking peaks of the Alborz Chain. The view of this huge mountain looks more attractive from away than close up. In a clear day it is visible far from 250 km.
Damavand Mountain Iran - Trekking Tour
Italy Dream Team approaching the summit crater
August 2012 - Photo Amir Manian
Trek Damavand Mountain
Trekking, Climbing and MountaineeringTrekking Mount Damavand the highest and the most prominent summit of Iran is a life time memory. The experience of ascending to this peak with a group of mountaineers from around the world is very rewarding. Before attempting Damawand you should know all the necessary Information for ascending this mountain.
AcclimatizationAscend to Damavand summit in summer is not difficult technically but physically it is a difficult trek. The main challenge of the climb is Acclimatization because the air gets thinner with less oxygen as you go higher. To raise the chance of success and lower the risk of AMS and to enjoy a safe hike to the peak it is essential to get accustomed to this new environment.
AccommodationFor a safe trek to any summit is essential to find the proper accomodation and use the safest campsites in the area. If you intend to attempt Damawand Mountain either from the classic south route or the west trail, the following campsites are the best places for Accomodation and settlement. Camp 1 Polour Resort in Polour Village as the first camp and the best starting point and Camp 3 Bargah New Hut as the high camp.
CampsDamavand is a perfect shape conical volcano, therefore climbing is possible from many sides. There are at least 16 known climbing routes to Mount Damawand summit. Four of these routes are popular because they have a shelter, refuge or a suitable campsite midway. The most favorite side is the south route because of its major settlement resort called high camp or the third camp Bargah Sevom New Hut.
Camp 1 PolourThe best starting point for trekking Damavand Mountain is Camp 1 Polour. This mountain hut is the best place for accommodation and acclimatization in the area and the best starting point for climbing either from the south face or the west route of the mountain. Polour Resort is made by Iran Mountain Climbing Federation and it is administered by this organization.
Camp 2 BaseThe second camp (or the base camp) of Mount Damawand is called Goosfand Sara (also called the Mosque). The Base Camp is located at altitude 3040 masl and it is the summer starting point of the south face. There is a small shelter, a mosque and a sheepfold in this campsite. Goosfand Sara is not a suitable place for camping and tenting in summer and the crowded climbing season because it is too crowded, very noisy and too dirty.
Camp 3 BargahThe high camp (or the third camp) of Mt Damavand on the south trail is called Bargah Sevom. There are two safe havens and some tenting and camping places on this campsite at 4200 meters above the sea level. The Old Shelter, 4220 masl, is the oldest refuge and the New Hut, 4250 masl, is the newest mountain resort in the area.
ClimateIn general terms Mount Damavand has different Climates and seasons for hiking & trekking, climbing and ski touring. Mid June to mid September the weather is ideal for summer trekking, November to May the conditions becoming difficult for winter climbing and December to April suitable for ski mountaineering, snowboarding and snowshoeing.
ClimbClimbing Damawand in Iran is a lifelong memory. Attempt to this 5671 meters giant volcano in summer is not technical and does not need major climbing skills but it requires a good physical fitness. The main challenge of this Ascend is acclimatization and the fact that the air gets thinner with less oxygen as you go higher towards Damavand peak.
Climbing PermitAll foreigners who intend to climb Mt Damavand (and also Mt Alam Koh) in Iran either for trekking, mountaineering, ski touring or snowboarding, from any route and in any season, must obtain a climbing permit from Iran Mountain Climbing Federation in advance. The price of Damawand climbing permit is 50 USD per person. See also Permit.
Climbing RoutesDamavand has sixteen known climbing routes with different difficulties. The most popular one for trekking is the south face which has very clear foot prints. The south trail has excellent mountain resorts at Polour Village 2200 masl and also a newly constructed midway campsite called Bargah Sevom New Hut at 4250 masl.
Most mountaineers prefer to climb from the classic south route which is also the suggested climbing route for the beginners too. A reliable guide is highly recommended to increases the chance of success. Read more in Climbing Routes.
Climbing SeasonDamavand climbing season may starts from mid June and it may last to mid September. The best Time for summer trekking is in July and August. In this period the footpaths are generally free of snow, the weather is usually moderate and approach by public transportation to the base camp is easy. More detail in Timing.
Although Damawand Mountain resorts are crowded in summer, but the beginners with little experience are strongly recommended to tackle the mountain during this climbing season only. Best starting day is Saturday. Remember Iranian weekend is Thursday and Friday.
Climbing TipsTrekking Damawand volcano is a life time memory. Before trying this mountain you should know the essential climbing information and Climbing Tips. Ascend should be done only in a correct timing and in a suitable weather, otherwise it is very tough and risky in a bad weather condition and off-season. A good physical fitness is essential. The main challenge is acclimatization; attempt the summit only after your body is well-acclimatised. The recommended climbing route is the south face. A reliable guide is helpful and will increases you chance of success. Best starting time from c3 to the top is 5 to 6 AM. Never climb at night. Use the day light only.
Common MistakesThere are some Common Mistakes in climbing Mount Damawand. These usual mistakes make real problem for the new climbers and even the experinced mountaineers to be unsuccessful in reaching the summit. By avoiding these frequent mistakes you will increase your chance of success to reach the peak. The most important mistakes are no or short acclimatization and consequently mountain sickness, climbing at night or in bad weather, insufficient equipment and information about the mountain, sleeping in crowded shelters and campsites, carring heavy equipment by yourself to the high camp.
CrowdDamawand is a popular trekking target mainly because of its great height which is referred to as the tallest volcano in Asia and officially listed as one of the volcanic seven summits and the highest point in The Middle East region. Damavand Volcano attracts a great number of Iranian climbers and foreign mountain tourists especially in summer season and on its popular side the classic south route. This popularity makes some Crowd problem for mountaineers not only during the peak of summer climbing season but also for ski touring in winter.
DifficultyDamawand Mountain is well-known for its mild slops. Climbing this 18,605 feet giant volcano is technically easy but physically a tough challenge and requires a good physical fitness. The main challenge of ascend is acclimatization and the weather. Trekking in summer is comparable to Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Everest Base Camp in terms of Difficulty. But winter climbing is a quite different story and may be compared to a 7000 m peak ot more.
EquipmentsTo enjoy a safe trek to Damavand Mountain and also to be secure in case of bad weather it is necessary to have the proper Equipments. The essential personal gears are trekking boots, warm jacket and pants, backpack, trekking poles, gloves, hat, balaclava, baseball cap, sun glasses with wide covers, sunscreen cream, personal first-aid kit and head lamp...
Equipment CheckIt is highly recommended to have an equipment check at the first camp and before you start your actual trek to the Damawand higher camps. Always have the essential equipments to protect you in case of bad weather condition. Depending to the weather forecast for the summit day, you may make a decision which gears are necessary to take up with you and which equipments are not necessary to leave behind at the lower campsites.
FactsDamawand height is 5671m, 18,605 ft. It is the highest peak in the Middle East and the highest volcano in Asia and the second highest in northen hemisphere. Ascend to this peak in summer is technically moderate but physically a tough challenge. In general terms you climb total 8 km trail distanc in 10 hours. That is 4700 meters from c2 to c3 in about 4 hours on the first trekking day and 3300 meters from c3 to the top in about 6 hours on the summit day. Gaining 2630 meters height from base to the peak in just 2-4 days. More detail in Facts and Statics.
Google EarthBefore actually starting your program to Damawand Mountain in Iran it is a good idea to have a virtual trip by Google Earth and get an impression about the campsites, the best route and the trails, shelters, safe havens and mountain resorts in the area. Install GoogleEarth software on your computer or your smart phone and follow the tracks.
GPS TrackIf you want to explore Mount Damawand in Iran by yourself, GPS Track is the most useful guidance for your expedition. It displays the best possible trail and the suggested footprint. GPS track file is the most helpful tool for trekking Volcano Damavand in Iran. You can upload these files to your handheld gps device to show you the precise location and direction.
GuestbookIran is wonderful country and the people are very helpful and will make tourists feel welcome. But there is some bad propaganda about travelling to Iran in the western media. Here you can read some comments and trip reports from mountain tourists who have visited Iran recently. The travel riports in Guestbook will help you to make your decision for travel to Iran either for sightseeing, climbing or ski touring Damavand Mountain.
How to ClimbIt is possible to climb to Damavand Peak with different itineraries. It mainly depends to your acclimatization, physical fitness and exercises to choose the right program. A Short itinerary is difficult and not recommended for everyone. To practice a brief itinerary you must be quite strong, well acclimatized and physically fit enough for a tough challenge.
More detail in How to Climb.
The most favourite program for popular classic south route of Damavand is 5 days Itinerary. It has been experienced successfully many times in previous expeditions. It is the best relaxing itinerary for foreign climbers to increase the chance of success, comfort and safety.
You may do some minor modification and changes to best suit your plan. It is a good idea to add an extra day to a package as a reserved day and make it more flexible for the second summit attempt in case of bad weather, more acclimation or being too tired to continue as planed.
How to go to DamawandThe only access to this mountain is the Haraz Road. You can travel by car to this mountain by road from Tehran to Polour mountain resort in Polour Village. The nearest international airport to the mountain is IKA International Airport Teheran, Iran. On the Haraz Road at the Polour Village Junction, there is a good sign, statue of a mountaineer which shows the correct location and the direction! Tehran> Haraz Road> Polour Village Junction> Camp 1 Polor.
ItineraryTo discuss a suitable Damavand Itinerary some personal information is necessary such as:
- What is your age and at what altitude do you live?
- What kind of daily/weekly practice do you have?
- Do you have any preparation and acclimatization for a 5000 meters summit?
- What is your mountaineering experience and your physical fitness?
- What is the highest summit you have climbed so far? Recommended Damavand Itinerary
Itinerary - Favorite
The recommended starting day is Saturday. See also Crowd and Iran Holidays.
Day 1: Transfer from a hotel in Tehran to Camp1 Polour.
Day 2: Transfer to Camp2 Base and trek to Camp3 Bargah Sevom.
Day 3: Acclimatization day, go to higher than Camp3.
Day 4: Climb to the Damawand Summit and descent back to the Camp3.
Day 5: Descent to Camp2 and transfer to Camp1 and Tehran.
LocationDamawand Volcano is located in Larijan district in Mazandaran Province in northern Iran. It is standing on the south coast of the Caspian Sea in the middle of the Alborz Mountains about 80 Km North-East of the capital city Tehran. The coordinates and the GPS landmark of Mount Damavand south peak is: Latitude 35-57-19 N, Longitude 52-06-37 E.
MapsIn our websites you can find and download some useful road and route Maps for trekking Mount Damavand Iran. These helpful maps show you the entire track and footstep details and show you how to start from Tehran and go to the campsites and reach the Damawand peak.
TimingBest Timing to trek Damawand Mountain is mid June to mid September. In this season the south route ridge and the climbing footpath is usually free of snow. The weather is generally mild in summer and the access by 4WD vehicles to the base camp is possible. Remember in this period the Damavand resorts are crowded in Iranian weekends (Thursday and Friday). The beginners are strongly advised to attempt the mountain only in this climbing season.
Winter ClimbDamawand is a popular peak for trekking in summer. It is one of the most difficult peaks for Winter Climbing. Although it has mild climbing slopes but freezing temperature and strong winds makes ascend very difficult. South route is the best side for winter sports, other faces are more difficult. For a safe expedition you should be very experinced, physically very fit and well-equipped. You need a high skilled experienced guide. You need a good timing and good weather. You must be well-supported and be ready for any risk.
Winter SeasonDamavand is located near the Caspian Sea and it receives heavy snowfalls in autumn, winter and spring. The Winter Season may start from mid October and last to mid April. In winter condition the wind speed may reach upto 100km/h and the windchill temprature to -70°C.
Winter WarningBeacuse of high wind speed, very low temperature, stormy weather, snowfall and foggy condition, icy trails and other risks Damawand winter activity is tough and very risky. Winter sports such as winter climb, ski tour, snowboard and snowshoes are graded as very difficult on this mountain. Read more in Winter Warning.
Damavand Ski Touring
Hymalia Club, April 2013
Photo by Ali Fard
Ski Touring Damavand
Ski, Snowboard, Snowshoes & Ski MountaineeringDamawand Ski Resort is the highest skiing place in Iran and the middle-east and one of the world's best off-piste ski resorts. This volcano is a popular target for climbing, ski mountaineering, off-piste skitour, Alpine style ski, snowboard and snowshoes tours.
Damawand South face has a mild slope for climbing and is the best route for Ski Mountaineering too. It is more difficult to ski on the other routes. Skiers must ascend on feet or on ski to the peak because there is not any mechanical lifts such as cable car, lift chair, gondola or telecabin in this ski resort.
Ski SeasonDamavand Ski Season is from November till mid May. It is possible to ski in winter and spring. The amount of snowfall changes each year. Because of its proximity to the Caspian Sea, Damawand Resort absorbs a great amount of snow in its snow field in autumn, winter and spring. In a good snow season it is possible to ski downhill about 12 Km on mild ski able slopes.
Damavand ToursWe are the leading Damavand Tour Operator in Iran. Our guides are the most experienced mountain guides. Based in Tehran, we organize a wide range of quality tours to Damavand and other Iran mountains for hiking & trekking, climbing, skitouring, snowboard and mountain biking.
We organize different tours extending from a simple summer hiking ideal for beginner, up to advanced Alpine style mountaineering tour in winter suitable for experienced climbers. Many individual climbers, mountaineering groups and tour agencies use our guiding support each year. We support incoming groups with the best possible Services. Visit also our Guestbook.
Moun Damavand Iran Summer View
Highest Peak in the Middle East 5671m, 18,605 ft
Highest volcano in Asia and the second highest in northen hemisphere
Photo Anosh Soltani
About Damavand MountainPersia is home of ancient culture and wonderful history. The country is known as Iran in recent era and is blessed with very beautiful and interesting mountains in Alborz and Zagros Mountain Chains worth to be visited and climbed. The highest peak of Iran is called Mount Damawand which is the amazing hero of Iranian myth and folklore.
The oldest name for this volcano is Donbavand (mountain of many faces). But Ferdowsi Tusi, the highly respected Persian poet (940–1020 CE) in Iran has mentioned it in his famous book Shahnameh as Damavand (دماوند), meaning the snowstorm.
Best Source of Information
Recommended by Lonlely Planet - Iran (guide book 6th edtion 2012 - page 73)
Tow excellent source of information on all things Damavand:
http://damavandmt.blogspot.com (our weblog)
http://www.damawand.de (our website)
Quick FactsAttitude: 5671 meters, 18,605 feet.
Best Climbing Program: 4 to 5 days.
Best Start point: Polour Camp,
Best Starting Day: Saturday. Read more in Crowd.
Best Climbing Time: 15 June To 20 August. See Timing.
Best Climbing Side: South Route.
Best Camp for Acclimatization: Camp3 New Hut.
Worst Campsite in the Area: Camp2 Base (also called Goosfand Sara or sheepfold!).
Highest peak in Persian Plateau and the Middle East.
Highest dormant volcano in Asia and the second highest volcano in the northern hemisphere.
Most Recent Eruption: None on record.
Distance from Tehran by road: 80km
Location: North East of Tehran, Iran in Central Alborz Mountain Chain.
Nearest International Airport: IKA Airport (or Mehrabad) Teheran, Iran.
Ski Touring to Mount Damavand Summit, April 2014
FAQQ- What kind of acclimatisation do you recommend for climbing Damavand Mountain?
A- It all depends to your experience, training and physical fitness. For ordinarily climbers sleeping one nigh at Camp1 Polur 2250 m and 1-2 nights at Camp3 Bargah 4250 m is good enough before the summit push.
Q- Where do you recommend for accommodation for climbing Damawand?
A- The best places for Damavand settlement are Camp1 Polour and Camp3 Bargah New Hut.
Q- I wonder if there is any mountain hut at Damavand Camp2 Base (also called Gosfandsara)?
A- No there is not any hut, just a small shelter/refuge and a mosque. The 2nd camp is not suitable place for accommodation or acclimatization in summer.
Q- For climbing Damawand Iran do we need to go to Damavand Camp1 Rineh?
A- If you travel from Tehran to the mountain, the best starting point is Camp1 Polour resort and we do not recommend Reyneh as the starting point any more.
Read also the differences between Camp1 Reyneh and Camp1 Polour.
Q- Is there any email address for reservation of Damavand Camp3 New Hut and as well as the first camp. A- I have no idea about the email address. At the present time it is very difficult to book Damavand huts in crowded season in advance, especially Camp3 New Hut.
Q- What is the most crowded time for trekking Mount Damavand in summer?
A- The most crowded summer time is Iranian weekend (Thursday and Friday) and holidays. To meet the least possible crowd problem, keep away from long weekends and holidays. It is recommended to kick off your itinerary on Saturday and finish it before weekend.
Q- What kind of equipments do we need for a summer ascend to Damavand Mountain?
A- Bring your personal gears: Good trekking boots, warm jacket and pants, backpack, trekking poles, warm gloves, warm hat (better to cover ears), balaclava, baseball cap, scarf, sun glasses with side covers, sunscreen cream, personal first-aid kit, head lamp, cooking gear, sleeping bag, mattress, tent, eating utensils, GPS or Compass, food and drink.
Read more in Frequently Asked Questions.
Mount Damavand Cap Cloud During Sunrise
Photo Ardeshir Soltani
Photo Ardeshir Soltani