Arash the Archer - Damavand | آرش تیرانداز - دماوند

The Official Website of the Mount Damavand Guides Iran

Mount Damavand Iran

Damavand is an excellent symmetrical cone volcano with a narrow snowy summit. It looks like Fujiyama in Japan. Damavand dormant volcano lies about 80 kilometres north-east of Tehran in the northern Persian plateau. Damawand's white peak and its beautiful cloud cap is the most attractive sight of Iran mountains.

Snow covers the entire Damavand Mountain in winter and the upper parts and slops in spring and autumn. Damavand Summit is snow-capped several months a year. Ice and hardened-snow remain all the year on the north face glaciers called Sioleh and Dobi Sel, the north east glacier Yakhar and also the south route Icefall called Abshar Yakhi.

Each year Damavand is visited by many sightseers, mountain tourists and climbers for hiking, trkking, mountaineering and ski touring. The popular trekking starting point is Polour Resort in the Polur Village on the suoth face, it is a shortcut to the Damavand and a comfortable place for acclimatization and accomodation. Climbing season is from mid June to mid September, or mid May to mid October for more experienced climbers. Visit also Fujiyama in Japan.

Damavand in Winter, Photo  Ardeshir Soltani Damavand in Winter
View from Polour Village
Photo Ardeshir Soltani

Damavand is surrounded by many peaks and ridges of the Albroz Range, but it superior height (5671 meters) is visible from many kilometers away. In a good visibility when the air is clear it can be seen from Tehran and from far away in central part, Karkas Mountains and the great Salt Desert and from north of Iran, the Caspian sea. Climb Mount Damavand.

Damawand is a well-known symbol of Iran and has a great place in Iranian legend, mythological tales, art and photography. In reality it is a magnificent dormant volcano that sends out some sulphuric smoke. Many myths and tales are related to Damawand Iran. Damavand Tour.

The earliest attempt to ascent Damavand was made by anonymous local iranians. They climbed regularly to collect sulphur from the top for commercial purposes. The first recorded ascend belongs to an English explorer called W Taylor Thomson in 1837.

Damavand is a dormant volcano that last erupted about 6000 - 7000 year ago. In the historical times there has been no recorded eruption of this volcano. Some believes this mountain is an extinct volcano. But there are enough proof such as thermal hot springs on its lower slopes and powerful fumaroles vent near the summit crater that indicate Damavand Volcano is dormant .On the top there is a summit Crater, about 150-200 meters across, with lots of yellow rocks containing sulfur and pumice stones. Damavand Ski.

Damawand Quick Facts

Elevation: 5671 meters, 18,605 feet.
Prominence: Ranked 16th
Rank: Highest volcano in Asia, the second highest volcano in the northern hemisphere.
Location: North-East Tehran in Alburz Mountains Iran.
Coordinates: 35-57-19 N, 52-06-37 E
Geology Type: Stratovolcano
Last eruption: About 6000 - 7000 year ago
Climbing: Moderate to difficult
First ascent: By anonymous iranian local people
Easiest route: South, Trekking
Listing: UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site
Pronunciation: دماوند - dæmävænd
Alternate Spellings: Damawand, Demavand, Damavend, Damāvand

Best Source of Information for Mt Damavand Iran

Recommended by Lonelyplanet - Iran (also in English guide book 6th edtion 2012 - page 73):
Tow excellent source of information on all things Damavand:
Damavand Info: (our website) and Mount Damavand Guide: (our weblog).

Damavand Summit
Damavand Summit


Arash the Archer (Āraš-e Kamāngīr, Arash the Shooter)

Arash is a warrior archer (shooter) from manouchehr's army, one of the ancient Persian myths, as well as the name of the main character of this myth. Arash Kamangir was chosen as an Iranian archer to determine the border between Persia (Iran) and Turan after the end of the Iran-Turan War and went to the summit of Mount Damavand and, with all his power, released an arrow to Mount Juannont in the East. Farsi speakers of Turkestan believe that the arrow landed in the walnut tree in that land, which is called the "Arash tree", and therefore calls Mount Afrasiab and the Xingan Valley, which is next to it, "The Border of Iran and Turan".

Āraš-e Kamāngīr is a historical mythical figure. It is mythical because it belongs to a time when its temporal and spatial nature is not yet known, and because its life and death are obscured. And it is historical because over the past two thousand years, Persian-speaking people have believed in him and he has been mentioned in many historical sources.

Legend of Arash

During the reign of King Manouchehr Pishdadi and during the battle with turanians, Afrasiab surrounded the Iranian army in Mazandaran. Finally, Manouchehr offers a compromise and Turanian accepts the offer of reconciliation and agrees that one of the Iranian heroes will go over the highest peak of the Alborz Mountain Range, Mount Damavand, and throw an arrow and replace it with the arrow, the border between Iran and Turan. Among the Armies of Iran, no one dared to do so. Arash, a simple army courier, delivered a message to the Army of Turan. In order to shrink Iranians, King Turan chose Arash himself, and Arash was forced to accept this. On the other hand, in the Iranian army, everyone was stymied by Arash as to why you accepted the offer and that it would disgrace Iran.

Arash Kamangir, an ancient Iranian hero, went to the Damavand Mountain and put the arrow in the bow and threw it. Arash the Shooter, known as Arash Kamangir, who had given all his life and power to throw the shot, died of exhaustion after the launch, his body was torn to shreds and spread out on Iranian soil, and his psyche was blown away. The arrow flew from morning to evening and landed on a walnut tree along the Jeyhun or Amu darya River, where the border between Iran and Turan was called. According to some beliefs, when arash was given a bow and arrow, he was told that the arrow would fly far away, but the person with whom the arrow was thrown would die. Arash, however, was ready to sacrifice himself and took that bow and arrow. Arash is an Iranian myth of unique examples in the myths of the world. In Iran, he is a symbol of sacrifice on the way to the homeland.
Arash Tags Show

آرش تیرانداز
Arash the Archer, Āraš-e Kamāngīr
آرش تیرانداز جنگاوری از سپاه منوچهر یکی از اسطوره‌های کهن ایرانی

آرش تیرانداز

آرش تیرانداز جنگاوری از سپاه منوچهر یکی از اسطوره‌های کهن ایرانی و همچنین نام شخصیت اصلی این اسطوره‌است. آرش کمانگیر پس از پایان جنگ ایران و توران به عنوان کماندار ایرانی برای تعیین مرز ایران و توران برگزیده شد و بر فراز کوه دماوند رفت و و با تمام توان تیری را به سوی کوه «خوانونت» در خاور رها کرد. فارسی ‌زبانِان کشور ترکستان معتقدند که این تیر در درخت گردویی در آن سرزمین فرود آمده که آن را «درخت آرش» می‌نامند و به همین دلیل کوه افراسیاب و درهٔ شینگان را که در کنار آن است «مرز ایران و توران» می‌خوانند.


آرش شخصیتی اسطوره‌ای ـ تاریخی است. اسطوره‌ای است چون به زمانی تعلق دارد که امروزه هنوز ماهیت زمانی و مکانی آن مشخص نیست، و نیز از آن‌رو که زندگی و مرگش در ابهام است. و تاریخی است چون طی دو هزار سال گذشته مردمان پارسی زبان به او باور داشته‌اند و در بسیاری از منابع تاریخی از او یاد شده است.

نام های دیگر آرش تیر انداز آرش کمانگیر، آرش کمانکش، آرش تیرانداز، آرش شیواتیر، اِرِخْشَه و به زبان پهلوی اِرَش شیپاک‌تیر، آرش کماندار،

از آن خوانند آرش را کمانگیر -- که از ساری بمرو انداخت یک تیر
ترا زیبد نه آرش را سواری -- که صدفرسنگ بگذشتی ز ساری


افسانه آرش

در زمان پادشاه منوچهر پیشدادی و هنگام نبرد با تورانیان، افراسیاب سپاهیان ایران را در مازندران محاصره می‌کند. سرانجام منوچهر پیشنهاد سازش می‌دهد و تورانیان پیشنهاد آشتی را می‌پذیرند و توافق میکنند که یکی از پهلوانان ایرانی بر فراز بلندترین قله رشته کوه البرز یعنی کوه دماوند برود و تیری بیندازد و جای فروافتادن آن تیر، مرز ایران و توران شناخته شود.

در میان لشکریان ایران کسی جرات اینکار را نداشت. آرش که یک پیک لشکری ساده بود پیامی را به سپاه توران ‌برد. پادشاه توران برای کوچک کردن ایرانیان، خود آرش را بر‌گزید و آرش ناچار به پذیرش این کار شد. از طرف دیگر در لشکر ایران همه بر آرش خرده می‌گرفتند که چرا این پیشنهاد را پذیرفتی و اینکه این کار مایه ننگ ایران خواهد شد.

آرشِ كمانگير از پهلوانان باستاني ايران بر فراز کوه دماوند رفت و تیر را در چله کمان گذاشت و پرتاب کرد. آرش معروف به کمانگیر، که تمام جان و توانش را برای پرتاب این تیر گذاشته بود، پس از این پرتاب از خستگی جان داد؛ پیکرش پاره‌ پاره و در خاک ایران زمین پخش شد و روانش در تیر دمیده شد. تیر از بامداد تا شامگاه پرواز کرده و در کنار رود جیحون یا آمودریا بر درخت گردویی فرود آمد، که آنجا مرز میان ایران و توران خوانده شد. بر پایه برخی باور ها زمانی که تیر و کمان به آرش داده بودند به او گفته بودند که این تیر به فاصله بسیار دور پرواز خواهد کرد اما شخصی که تیری با آن تیر و کمان بیندازد خواهد مرد. با این همه آرش آماده از خودگذشتگی بود و آن تیر و کمان را گرفت. آرش اسطوره ای ایرانی از نمونه‌های بی‌همتا در اسطوره‌های جهان است. او در ایران، نماد جان‌فشانی در راه میهن است.

محل پرتاب تیر

در منابع تاریخی آمده‌است آرش کمانگیرخداوندگار تیر شتابان به قله دماوند صعود و تیرش را از بالای این کوه پرتاب کرد. تیرگان روزی که آرش مرز ایران و توران را مشخص کرد.

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