Damavand Crater

The Official Website of the Mount Damavand Guides Iran

Damavand Summit Crater

Damavand Mountain is a young dormant volcano which was formed during the Holocene geological time, its last eruption goes back to about 6-10 thousands years ago. It is a composite cone stratovolcano and has a big crater with the diameter about 200-400 meters.

The crater encircles the summit with a ring of yellow rocks of nearly pure sulphur. This bowl shaped crater is approx 30m deep with a small permanent glacier which is usually covered by snow and ice.

Crater of Damavand Mountain
Crater of Mount Damavand Iran

Warning

A big new volcanic vent was formed in 2007, just near the Damavand summit and below the crater near the souternh climbing route. It still exhaling a great amount of sulphuric gases, hot smoke and steam with pestiferous smell which makes problem for mountaineers.

Without anti gas equipments and gears such as adequate oxygen mask, it is quite dangerous to go close to this vent, because if the wind changes its direction, you will could get caught in the poisonous sulphuric gas.

Elevation Location and Coordinate Summit Crater

Altitude 5,671 m, GPS measurement 5645 m
Latitude 35 57 19 N
Longitude 52 06 37 E

Crater of Damavand Mountain in Iran
Mount Damavand Crater

Mt Sabalan Crater

Volcano Sabalan 4811 m

Sabalan is the second highest volcano and the third highest mountain in Iran, it is an inactive stratovolcano in Ardabil province North West of Iran. Sabalan is known for its beautiful huge crater which has a permanent big lake at 4800m (mostly frozen in cold seasons) and the vistas including the Shirvan Gorge. Read more about Mt Sabalan, in Azarbaeijan Iran.

Mount Sabalan Crater
Mount Sabalan Crater 4811m
Photo by A. Soltani

More in MDIC

Deutsch

Besuchen Sie natürliche Schönheit eines riesigen Vulkans. Damavand und Sabalan Krater. Damawand Vulkan Bildung und Ausbruch. Vulkan Damavand Ausatmen Rauch, heiße Schwefelgas und Dampf. Enzyklopädie der Iran Berge. Sauerstoffmaske für vulkanischen Rauch und Schwefelgas benötigt. Bleibende Gletscher in den Vulkankrater. Schwefelhaltigen Felsen und Bimsstein. Historische und aufgezeichnet Ausbruch Damawand Vulcan. Adventure Klettertour auf natürliche Ökosystem des Iran. Damawand Teheran. Demavand heiße Quellen, Thermalbad und Eruptionen. Sabalan vulcan, steigen, Teheran, zu besuchen, Besuch, Tourismus, See, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Shirvan Gorge.

English

Visit Natural Beauty of a Giant Volcano. Damavand and Sabalan craters. Damawand volcano formation and eruption. Volcano Damavand exhaling smoke, hot sulphuric gas and steam. Encyclopaedia of Iran mountains. Oxygen mask needed for volcanic smoke and sulphuric gas. Permanents glacier in the volcanic crater. Sulphurous rocks and pumice stones. Historical and recorded eruption of Damawand Vulcan. Adventure climbing tour to natural ecosystem of Iran. Damawand Tehran. Demavand hot springs, thermal spa and eruptions. Sabalan vulcan, ascend, Tehran, visit, visiting, tourism, lake, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Shirvan Gorge.

Español

Visita la belleza natural de un volcán gigante. Damavand y Sabalan cráteres. Formación volcán Damawand y erupción. Volcán Damavand exhalando humo, gas sulfúrico caliente y vapor. Enciclopedia de las montañas de Irán. Máscara de oxígeno necesaria para el humo volcánico y gas sulfúrico. Los permanentes glaciar en el cráter de un volcán. Rocas y piedras pómez sulfuroso. Erupción histórica y grabado de Damawand Vulcan. Adventure Tour de escalada para el ecosistema natural de Irán. Damawand Teherán. Demavand aguas termales, spa termal y erupciones. Sabalan vulcan, subir, Teherán, visita, visitando, turismo, lago, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Shirvan Gorge.

Français

Visitez beauté naturelle d'un volcan géant. Damavand et Sabalan cratères. La formation du volcan Damawand et l'éruption. Volcan Damavand exhalant la fumée, de gaz sulfurique chaud et de la vapeur. Encyclopédie de montagnes Iran. Masque à oxygène nécessaire pour la fumée volcanique et de gaz sulfurique. Glacier des Permanents dans le cratère volcanique. Roches et de pierres ponces sulfureux. Éruption historique et enregistré des Damawand Vulcan. Aventure escalade tournée pour l'écosystème naturel de l'Iran. Damawand Téhéran. Demavand sources chaudes, station thermale et les éruptions. Sabalan volcan, monter, Téhéran, visite, visite, tourisme, lac, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Chirvan Gorge.

Italiano

Visita bellezza naturale di un vulcano gigante. Damavand e Sabalan crateri. Formazione vulcano Damawand e eruzione. Vulcano Damavand esalando fumo, gas solforico calda e vapore. Enciclopedia delle montagne dell'Iran. Maschera di ossigeno necessaria per il fumo vulcanico e gas solforico. I permanenti ghiacciaio nel cratere vulcanico. Rocce e pietre pomice solforoso. Storico e registrato eruzione del Damawand Vulcan. Avventura climbing tour ecosistema naturale dell'Iran. Damawand Teheran. Demavand sorgenti termali, centro termale e eruzioni. Sabalan vulcan, ascendere, Teheran, visitare, in visita, il turismo, il lago, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Shirvan Gorge.

Norsk

Besøk Natural Beauty av en Giant Volcano. Damavand og Sabalan kratere. Damawand vulkan formasjon og utbrudd. Volcano Damavand exhaling røyk, varm svovelsyre gass og damp. Encyclopaedia of Iran fjellene. Oksygenmaske som trengs for vulkansk røyk og svovelsyre gass. Permanents breen i vulkansk krater. Svovelholdig stein og pimpstein steiner. Historisk og registrert utbrudd av Damawand Vulcan. Eventyr klatring tur til naturlig økosystem av Iran. Damawand Teheran. Demavand varme kilder, termisk spa og utbrudd. Sabalan vulcan, bestige, Tehran, besøk, besøk, reiseliv, innsjø, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Shirvan Gorge.

Pусский

Посетите естественную красоту гигантского вулкана. Дамаванд и Сабалан кратеров. Формирование вулкан Damawand и сыпь. Вулкан Damavand выдыхая дым, горячих серных газов и пара. Энциклопедия Иран горах. Кислородная маска необходима для вулканического дыма и серной газа. Перманенты ледник в кратере вулкана. Сернистый скалы и пемзу. Исторический и записал извержение Damawand Вулкана. Лазанья тур в природные экосистемы Ирана. Damawand Тегеран. Demavand горячие источники, термальные ванны и извержения. Сабалан Вулкан, подняться, Тегеран, гости, гости, туризм, озеро, Ardbil, Azarbaeijan, Ширван ущелье.

Posetite yestestvennuyu krasotu gigantskogo vulkana . Damavand i Sabalan kraterov. Formirovaniye vulkan Damawand i syp'. Vulkan Damavand vydykhaya dym, goryachikh sernykh gazov i para. Entsiklopediya Iran gorakh. Kislorodnaya maska neobkhodima dlya vulkanicheskogo dyma i sernoy gaza. Permanenty lednik v kratere vulkana . Sernistyy skaly i pemzu . Istoricheskiy i zapisal izverzheniye Damawand Vulkana. Lazan'ya tur v prirodnyye ekosistemy Irana. Damawand Tegeran . Demavand goryachiye istochniki, termal'nyye vanny i izverzheniya. Sabalan Vulkan , podnyat'sya , Tegeran, gosti, gosti, turizm , ozero, Ardbil , Azarbaeijan , Shirvan ushchel'ye .

Damavand Crater MDIC14DEC26D
Contact-us