Climb Mount Damavand

The Official Website of the Mount Damavand Guides Iran

Climbing Mount Damavand Iran

Damavand (5671 m) is the most prominent peak in Iran. It is The highest volcano in Asia and the fifth highest volcano in the volcanic seven summits (V7S). Climbing this respectable giant mountain is a life time memory. The experience of trekking to this summit is very rewarding. Before attempting Damawand mountain you should know all the necessary information for climbing. More in Damavand Frequently Asked Questions.

Trekking Mount Damavand Iran
Trekking Mount Damavand Iran


Ascend to Damavand Summitin summer is not difficult technically but physically it is a difficult trek. The main challenge of the climb is Acclimatization because the air gets thinner with less oxygen as you go higher. To raise the chance of success and lower the risk of AMS and to enjoy a safe hike to the peak it is essential to get accustomed to this new environment.


For a safe trek to any summit is essential to find the proper accomodation and use the safest campsites in the area. If you intend to attempt Damawand Mountain either from the classic south route or the west trail, the following campsites are the best places for Accomodation and settlement. Camp 1 Polour Resort in Polour Village as the first camp and the best starting point and Camp 3 Bargah New Hut as the high camp.


Damavand is a perfect shape conical volcano, therefore climbing is possible from many sides. There are at least 16 known climbing routes to Mount Damawand summit. Four of these routes are popular because they have a shelter, refuge or a suitable campsite midway. The most favorite side is the south route because of its major settlement resort called high camp or the third camp Bargah Sevom New Hut.

Camp 1 Polour

The best starting point for trekking Damavand Mountain is Camp 1 Polour. This mountain hut is the best place for accommodation and acclimatization in the area and the best starting point for climbing either from the south face or the west route of the mountain. Polour Resort is made by Iran Mountain Climbing Federation and it is administered by this organization.

Camp 2 Base

The second camp (or the base camp) of Mount Damawand is called Goosfand Sara (also called the Mosque). The Base Camp is located at altitude 3040 masl and it is the summer starting point of the south face. There is a small shelter, a mosque and a sheepfold in this campsite. Goosfand Sara is not a suitable place for camping and tenting in summer and the crowded climbing season because it is too crowded, very noisy and too dirty.

Camp 3 Bargah

The high camp (or the third camp) of Mt Damavand on the south trail is called Bargah Sevom. There are two safe havens and some tenting and camping places on this campsite at 4200 meters above the sea level. The Old Shelter, 4220 masl, is the oldest refuge and the New Hut, 4250 masl, is the newest mountain resort in the area.


In general terms Mount Damavand has different Climates and seasons for hiking & trekking, climbing and ski touring. Mid June to mid September the weather is ideal for summer trekking, November to May the conditions becoming difficult for winter climbing and December to April suitable for ski mountaineering, snowboarding and snowshoeing.


Climbing Damawand in Iran is a lifelong memory. Attempt to this 5671 meters giant volcano in summer is not technical and does not need major climbing skills but it requires a good physical fitness. The main challenge of this Ascend is acclimatization and the fact that the air gets thinner with less oxygen as you go higher towards Damavand peak.

Climbing Permit

All foreigners who intend to climb Mt Damavand (and also Mt Alam Koh) in Iran either for trekking, mountaineering, ski touring or snowboarding, from any route and in any season, must obtain a climbing permit from Iran Mountain Climbing Federation in advance. The price of Damawand climbing permit is 50 USD per person. See also Permit.

Climbing Routes

Damavand has sixteen known climbing routes with different difficulties. The most popular one for trekking is the south face which has very clear foot prints. The south trail has excellent mountain resorts at Polour Village 2200 masl and also a newly constructed midway campsite called Bargah Sevom New Hut at 4250 masl.

Most mountaineers prefer to climb from the classic south route which is also the suggested climbing route for the beginners too. A reliable guide is highly recommended to increases the chance of success. Read more Climbing Routes.

Climbing Tips

Trekking Damawand volcano is a life time memory. Before trying this mountain you should know the essential climbing information and Climbing Tips. Ascend should be done only in a correct timing and in a suitable weather, otherwise it is very tough and risky in a bad weather condition and off-season. A good physical fitness is essential. The main challenge is acclimatization; attempt the summit only after your body is well-acclimatised. The recommended climbing route is the south face. A reliable guide is helpful and will increases you chance of success. Best starting time from c3 to the top is 5 to 6 AM. Never climb at night. Use the day light only.

Common Mistakes

There are some Common Mistakes in climbing Mount Damawand. These usual mistakes make real problem for the new climbers and even the experinced mountaineers to be unsuccessful in reaching the summit. By avoiding these frequent mistakes you will increase your chance of success to reach the peak. The most important mistakes are no or short acclimatization and consequently mountain sickness, climbing at night or in bad weather, insufficient equipment and information about the mountain, sleeping in crowded shelters and campsites, carring heavy equipment by yourself to the high camp.


Damawand Mountain is well-known for its mild slops. Climbing this 18,605 feet giant volcano is technically easy but physically a tough challenge and requires a good physical fitness. The main challenge of ascend is acclimatization and the weather. Trekking in summer is comparable to Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Everest Base Camp in terms of Difficulty. But winter climbing is a quite different story and may be compared to a 7000 m peak ot more.


Damawand is a popular trekking target mainly because of its great height which is referred to as the tallest volcano in Asia and officially listed as one of the volcanic seven summits and the highest point in The Middle East region. Damavand Volcano attracts a great number of Iranian climbers and foreign mountain tourists especially in summer season and on its popular side the classic south route. This popularity makes some Crowd problem for mountaineers not only during the peak of summer climbing season but also for ski touring in winter.


To enjoy a safe trek to Damavand Mountain and also to be secure in case of bad weather it is necessary to have the proper Equipments. The essential personal gears are trekking boots, warm jacket and pants, backpack, trekking poles, gloves, hat, balaclava, baseball cap, sun glasses with wide covers, sunscreen cream, personal first-aid kit and head lamp...

Equipment Check

It is highly recommended to have an equipment check at the first camp and before you start your actual trek to the Damawand higher camps. Always have the essential equipments to protect you in case of bad weather condition. Depending to the weather forecast for the summit day, you may make a decision which gears are necessary to take up with you and which equipments are not necessary to leave behind at the lower campsites.


Damawand height is 5671m, 18,605 ft. It is the highest peak in the Middle East and the highest volcano in Asia and the second highest in northen hemisphere. Ascend to this peak in summer is technically moderate but physically a tough challenge. In general terms you climb total 8 km trail distanc in 10 hours. That is 4700 meters from c2 to c3 in about 4 hours on the first trekking day and 3300 meters from c3 to the top in about 6 hours on the summit day. Gaining 2630 meters height from base to the peak in just 2-4 days. More detail in Facts and Statics.

Google Earth

Before actually starting your program to Damawand Mountain in Iran it is a good idea to have a virtual trip by Google Earth and get an impression about the campsites, the best route and the trails, shelters, safe havens and mountain resorts in the area. Install GoogleEarth software on your computer or your smart phone and follow the tracks.

GPS Track

If you want to explore Mount Damawand in Iran by yourself, GPS Track is the most useful guidance for your expedition. It displays the best possible trail and the suggested footprint. GPS track file is the most helpful tool for trekking Volcano Damavand in Iran. You can upload these files to your handheld gps device to show you the precise location and direction.


Iran is wonderful country and the people are very helpful and will make tourists feel welcome. But there is some bad propaganda about travelling to Iran in the western media. Here you can read some comments and trip reports from mountain tourists who have visited Iran recently. The travel riports in Guestbook will help you to make your decision for travel to Iran either for sightseeing, climbing or ski touring Damavand Mountain.

How to Climb

It is possible to climb to Damavand Peak with different itineraries. It mainly depends to your acclimatization, physical fitness and exercises to choose the right program. A Short itinerary is difficult and not recommended for everyone. To practice a brief itinerary you must be quite strong, well acclimatized and physically fit enough for a tough challenge.
More detail How to Climb.

The most favourite program for popular classic south route of Damavand is 5 days Itinerary. It has been experienced successfully many times in previous expeditions. It is the best relaxing itinerary for foreign climbers to increase the chance of success, comfort and safety.

You may do some minor modification and changes to best suit your plan. It is a good idea to add an extra day to a package as a reserved day and make it more flexible for the second summit attempt in case of bad weather, more acclimation or being too tired to continue as planed.

How to go to Damawand

The only access to this mountain is the Haraz Road. You can travel by car to this mountain by road from Tehran to Polour mountain resort in Polour Village. The nearest international airport to the mountain is IKA International Airport Teheran, Iran. On the Haraz Road at the Polour Village Junction, there is a good sign, statue of a mountaineer which shows the correct location and the direction! Tehran> Haraz Road> Polour Village Junction> Camp 1 Polor.


To discuss a suitable Damavand Itinerary some personal information is necessary such as:
- What is your age and at what altitude do you live?
- What kind of daily/weekly practice do you have?
- Do you have any preparation and acclimatization for a 5000 meters summit?
- What is your mountaineering experience and your physical fitness?
- What is the highest summit you have climbed so far?

Itinerary - Favorite
The recommended starting day is Saturday. See also Crowd and Iran Holidays.
Day 1: Transfer from a hotel in Tehran to Camp1 Polour.
Day 2: Transfer to Camp2 Base and trek to Camp3 Bargah Sevom.
Day 3: Acclimatization day, go to higher than Camp3.
Day 4: Climb to the Damawand Summit and descent back to the Camp3.
Day 5: Descent to Camp2 and transfer to Camp1 and Tehran.


Damawand Volcano is located in Larijan district in Mazandaran Province in northern Iran. It is standing on the south coast of the Caspian Sea in the middle of the Alborz Mountains about 80 Km North-East of the capital city Tehran. The coordinates and the GPS landmark of Mount Damavand south peak is: Latitude 35-57-19 N, Longitude 52-06-37 E.


In our websites you can find and download some useful road and route Maps for trekking Mount Damavand Iran. These helpful maps show you the entire track and footstep details and show you how to start from Tehran and go to the campsites and reach the Damawand peak.


Best Timing to trek Damawand Mountain is mid June to mid September. In this season the south route ridge and the climbing footpath is usually free of snow. The weather is generally mild in summer and the access by 4WD vehicles to the base camp is possible. Remember in this period the Damavand resorts are crowded in Iranian weekends (Thursday and Friday). The beginners are strongly advised to attempt the mountain only in this climbing season.

Winter Climb

Damawand is a popular peak for trekking in summer. It is one of the most difficult peaks for Winter Climbing. Although it has mild climbing slopes but freezing temperature and strong winds makes ascend very difficult. South route is the best side for winter sports, other faces are more difficult. For a safe expedition you should be very experinced, physically very fit and well-equipped. You need a high skilled experienced guide. You need a good timing and good weather. You must be well-supported and be ready for any risk.

Winter Season

Damavand is located near the Caspian Sea and it receives heavy snowfalls in autumn, winter and spring. The Winter Season may start from mid October and last to mid April. In winter condition the wind speed may reach upto 100km/h and the windchill temprature to -70°C.

Climbing Damavand Mountain Climbing Damavand Mountain

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Mount Damawand climbing Info MDIC20OCT04I